Refurbishing with Linux 12.10

posted May 31, 2013, 10:35 AM by Kevin Chow   [ updated Sep 18, 2014, 11:19 AM ]
Refurbishing with Linux 10.04 LTS

Linux 10.04.4 LTS APEX BETA Install & Post Install Instructions

note: 10.04 is an older out of LTS build that is ideal for older computers with lesser video processing and memory resources. Minimum requirements:

  • Desktop: Post-2004 CPU (last generation P4 or better) with discrete Video card and 512MB DDR.

  • Laptop: Post 2005 CPU (Core Duo or AMD equiv) with on-board video and 512MB DDR2.

It is not recommended for post-2010 computers. For those computers, Linux 14.04.4 LTS is the recommended distribution. Ubuntu is the recommended distro.


  1. clean install via USB (boot from USB via BIOS boot selection)

  2. erase existing OS (unless retention is necessary) and replace with Linux 10.04 LTS.

  3. time zone is GMT-8, keyboard is default.

  4. set user to “lausduser”, username to “lausd_user”, computer name to serial number, password to “lausd2004”. log in automatically.

  5. DO NOT REMOVE USB after install is complete. restart when prompted. to remove the USB, either go to BIOS, remove drive, then exit BIOS w/o saving OR upon restarting OS go to Places / Computer / right-click and “Safely Remove” USB drive.


  1. Update Manager will automatically open after sync with servers. Open settings and set: updates to check every two weeks, automatically instal security updates, notify for new releases to never.

  2. Install updates. OS will prompt for password - then, restart when prompted.

  3. Open Firefox. Set home pages as desired, then go to , Teacher’s Corner, and install LAUSD FF root certificate (check all boxes). On older computers with failing BIOS batteries, check date. The certificate is good only for a certain date range.

  4. Set Screensaver to 15 minutes, Floating Ubuntu (or custom floating SS), do not lock.

  5. Set Power settings to Suspend after 2 hours, shut down on Lid Close (if laptop), do not turn off display. These are AC power settings. Battery power settings can be left alone. Restart.

  6. Go to Administrative / Synaptics Package Manager. Search for “flashplugin”. Click on the flashplugin package from Adobe. Mark, then click “Apply” at top of window. This will install flash. Close & Restart.

  7. Verify Flash functionality by going to the Teacher’s Corner page and clicking on the Adobe flash control panel link. For software that requires restricted mic/cam access, this panel will allow you to set permissions (notable R180, which needs to be added to safe sites list).

  8. Set desktop background to Pier (temporary) or school site background (permanent). Background is stored on under Forms & Documents.

  9. Label computer: Date, Initials of installer, Series (ie., APEX BETA or R180 BETA), OS, and Installed Memory & Type (ie., 512MB DDR2). If needed, indicate who the unit is to be checked out to. “BETA” indicates that the unit is 100% functional but is a first generation product - when the configuration is confirmed to be stable and permanent over a period of time, following units can be labled “FINAL”.

Refurbishing with Linux 12.04 LTS or 14.04 LTS

These instructions assume you have a PC with a working display, keyboard, and mouse. 
  1. Insert Linux USB.
  2. Turn on PC. Right away, start tapping F9 repeatedly.
  3. When a menu pops up, choose "USB Hard Disk" to boot up from.
  4. Choose "Install"
  5. At this point, make sure that your internet cable is plugged in. If it is not or you can't use the cable internet, use the wifi: click on the Wifi Icon in the upper right hand corner (click here for a picture if you can't find it) and choose "OnNetworks79". The password is 56207150.
  6. Make sure both "Download updates" and "Install 3rd Party Software" are checked.
  7. Make sure the time zone is right (Los Angeles), and click "Next"
  8. Make sure the language is set to "English" and click "Next"
  9. Click "Next" when it asks for keyboard (the standard one is fine)
  10. For the computer user information, enter:
    1. Name: KCHOW
    2. User Name: lausd_user
    3. Password: lausd2004
    4. Computer name: WAPHS-LINUX-CNU[get the CNU number from the bottom of the computer]
After all files are copied and installation is done:
  1. Open Firefox, go to ""
  2. Click "Edit", "Preferences", and set the home page to the "Current Page"
  3. On the "" page, click on "Teacher's Corner"
  4. Click on "LAUSD Certs Page"
  5. Find the link for Firefox and check all three boxes, then click "OK"
  6. Go to "Teacher's Corner" again.
  7. Hold down CTRL + ALT, then tap "T"
  8. Type sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer gsfonts-x11 then press enter. It will ask you for the password.
  9. Go back to "Teacher's Corner", then click "Adobe Flash Settings".
  10. Click on Global Security Settings mini-tab (the one with the globe and the lock picture), then click "Edit Locations" and paste this in there: then highlight it in the list and click "Always allow"
  11. Go to "" After it loads fully and asks you for permission, click "Allow" and then close the window.
  12. Go back to the "Adobe Flash Settings" tab and click on the privacy mini-tab (the one that looks like a world with an eye on it.
  13. Click on the scholastic website from the list ( and then click "Always allow". 
Final changes:
  1. Go to System Settings and change:
    1. Screensaver to 15 minutes, Floating Feet, and do not ask for password / lock
    2. Change background to the self-changing one
    3. Change Power Settings to suspend after 1 hour
  2. Start the Update program and install all updates it recommends. Don't upgrade to any new versions, though.